Period _____ Date ________
Each response will be used only once. All responses will be used. Write the correct letter on the line.
|1. _____ The study of
living things and their environment
2. _____ The animal and plant populations that live in a certain place
3. _____ The greatest number of organisms an area can support
4. _____ The type of environment suitable for an organism
5. _____ The area where organisms of a certain type are found
6. _____ Organisms that can be seen only with a microscope
7. _____ All the organisms of the same type living in a certain place
8. _____ The way an organism fits into its habitat
9. _____ All the living and non-living things that surround an organism
10. _____ A community and its interactions with the environment
b. carrying capacity
Choose the one best answer and write the corresponding letter on the line.
11. _____ What do we call the process by which water, in any form, falls from the atmosphere to the Earths surface?
12. _____ When water evaporates from plants, what do we call this?
13. _____ What might an animal use to be better suited in its environment to stay safe from predators?
b. Thick fur
c. Move slowly
d. Have bright colors
14. _____ What do we call green plants that make their own food that other organisms depend on?
a. Primary Consumers
15. _____ What do we call animals that eat animals that they find already dead?
a. Primary Consumers
b. Secondary Consumers
16. _____ Where do producers get most of their energy from?
c. The Sun
17. ____ Which of the following is at the top of the energy pyramid?
18. _____ Which biome gets less than 25 centimeters of rain per year?
19. _____ Which biome has permafrost?
20. _____ Which biome has trees that drop their leaves every fall and grow new leaves again every spring?
a. Tropical Rain Forest
b. Deciduous Forest
c. Coniferous Forest
21. _____ Where is most of the Earths water found?
a. Lakes and Rivers
c. Polar Ice Caps
22. _____ Which of the following is NOT a renewable resource?
b. Fossil Fuels
23. _____ What do we call the loss of topsoil by wind or water?
d. Strip Cropping
24. _____ What causes acid rain?
a. Air Pollution
b. Water Pollution
c. Land Pollution
d. The Ozone Layer
25. _____ Where did the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill occur?
26. _____ Which layer of the rainforest is the most diverse?
a. The Forest Floor
b. The Understory
c. The Canopy
d. The Emergent Layer
27. _____ What do we call plants that grow on trees in the rainforest and get their nutrients from decayed leaves, algae and moss?
d. Hanging Plants
28. _____ Which rainforest animal discards its tail when grasped?
d. Brazilian Rainforest Rats
Write true of false on the line.
29. _____ Water is considered a renewable resource.
30. _____ Ecology is the study of ONLY living things.
31. _____ Plants take in oxygen and give off carbon dioxide.
32. _____ Primary consumers eat only secondary consumers.
33. _____ A food web is like many food chains put together.
34. _____ The Earths ozone layer is being destroyed by CFCs.
35. Draw a diagram of the carbon dioxide/oxygen cycle. Briefly explain what is happening in this cycle.
Use the following picture to answer questions 36-38.
36. Fill in the blanks to show the proper sequence of the food chain in this illustration.
____________ » ____________ » ____________ » ____________ » ____________
37. Label each organism from the illustration as a producer, consumer, or decomposer.
a. Cat _________________
b. Flower _________________
c. Bird _________________
d. Grasshopper _________________
e. Spider _________________
38. What would happen if all of the spiders were removed from this environment?
39. Give 2 reasons why the rainforest is important to all humans around the world.
40. Give 3 examples of animals or plants that are well suited for their environments and tell why they are well suited to survive where they do. (Example: Polar bears have thick fur to keep them warm in their cold environment.)
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